Breast augmentation is a major surgery that is used to enhance the breasts by making them bigger, shapelier, and voluptuous. There are two types of breast augmentation surgeries: breast implants and fat transfer. Both of these procedures are traumatic; however, breast implant surgery is more invasive and involves major incisions.
Many patients want to know what type of anesthesia is used to perform breast augmentation surgery. Whether you want to undergo implant surgery or get fat transfer, the surgeon will recommend general anesthesia as a first option. Many people assume that general anesthesia is dangerous. However, the reality is that general anesthesia may be somehow riskier for patients with certain health problems. It is not as risky as it seems.
General anesthesia is highly effective because the patient remains fully asleep during the procedure and does not feel any pain or discomfort during the operation. Also, the patient will not remember how the surgery is performed nor will she be able to make any movements. General anesthesia makes the surgery comfortable for the patient and easy for the surgeon.
A board-certified anesthesiologist will administer the general anesthesia. The anesthesiologist will then monitor your behavior under general anesthesia. When under the effects of general anesthesia, the patient will remain fully unconscious. During the anesthesia administration and all throughout the operation you will be intubated, meaning the patient’s airway will be managed and monitored during the procedure.
General anesthesia involves the use of medicines to halt the natural impulses of your body, such as your pulmonary function. Instead, air is channeled into your lungs through an endotracheal tube or laryngeal mask airway. Most surgeons use the laryngeal mask airway because it involves fewer problems and doesn’t cause sore throat.
IV sedation is used for patients who have a history of general anesthesia reaction. IV sedation is also administered to patients getting general anesthesia. It is administered before general anesthesia and often used in the form of sevoflurane. If need be, the doctor may also administer an opioid so your blood pressure is managed.
Depending on the patient’s needs, the surgeon may administer a drug that controls nausea and vomiting. During the surgery and under the effects of general anesthesia or IV sedation, the doctor and anesthesiologist will continuously monitor your health and breathing pattern. After surgery, you will be kept in a recovery room where you will wake up from the effects of the anesthesia.