Breast augmentation is a plastic surgery procedure that enhances the breasts by improving their size and shape. There are two types of breast augmentation procedures: implant surgery and fat transfer. If your breasts are small or poorly shaped, you may consider one of these procedures, and your plastic surgeon can recommend you the best type.
Breast augmentation entails risks and complications, regardless if it is fat transfer or implants. Plastic surgeons encounter a host of complications during and after surgery. Complications are more likely to happen if the patient is suffering from serious health issues.
The complications that plastic surgeons may come across any type of plastic surgery include excessive bleeding, infection, anesthesia complications, and respiratory and cardiac problems. The problems that may happen specifically after breast augmentation include poor and slow wound healing, wound dehiscence, abnormal scarring, implant displacement, and capsular contracture.
During and after the procedure, the patient may experience excessive bleeding, especially when the patient has diabetes or is taking blood-thinning medications. For this reason, patients with diabetes are advised to share their complete health and medication information with the plastic surgeon during the pre-operative consultation.
If your diabetes is severe, the doctor may advise you to avoid the procedure. If you are taking blood-thinning medications, the surgeon may ask you to stop taking the medicines at least two weeks before surgery and avoid the medication during the recovery period.
Infection is another complication that may happen during or after breast augmentation surgery. If you have not chosen a trusted plastic surgeon, you are more at risk of infection during the operation. If you are careless during the recovery period, you may contract an infection. The patient becomes more prone to possible infections due to the incisions on the breasts. People with a weak immune system are at higher risk of disease during and after the breast augmentation.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. If you have respiratory or heart problems, the risk of anesthesia complication is higher for you. During or after the procedure, the patient may also experience a heart attack or lung problems if the patient is already suffering from severe forms of pulmonary and cardiac issues.
If you get breast implants and are careless during the recovery period, you may experience complications like wound dehiscence, poor and slow wound healing, and abnormal scarring. Also, the implant may rupture, leak, or get displaced from its position. If this happens, the surgeon will be required to perform a revision surgery on you to correct the problem.
Capsular contracture is another major complication that may happen after breast augmentation with implants. It occurs when the scar tissue that forms around the implants starts to contract and squeeze. The patient will experience pain, and the shape of the breasts may change as a result. To fix the problem, the patient must undergo corrective surgery that would involve removal of the implants along with the scar tissue.